It has a significant number of speakers in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and Uttarakhand. Nepali is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in Nepal, Bhutan, and some parts of India and Myanmar (Burma).. Nepali is written in Devanagari script. After the consent of changing Parvate/Gorkhali Language to Nepali, from the next academic session, all textbooks, stories, poems and all literary work too started using word Nepali and thereafter people of Sikkim too started calling their language as Nepali and common people mistook it as community. As of now, students in state-run schools are given Bhutia, Nepali, Lepcha and Limbu as options for second language, and seven more would be added to … This type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous forests. Buddhism is followed by 27.4% of the population, while Christianity is followed by 9.9%. Nestling in the Himalayan mountains, the state of Sikkim is characterised by mountainous terrain. Nepal invaded Sikkim from 1770 to 1810 and came to the river Tista. /o/ does not have a phonemic nasal counterpart, although it is often in free variation with [õ]. However, the institutionalisation of the Nepali language is believed to have started with the Shah kings of Gorkha Kingdom, in the modern day Gorkha district of Nepal. Sikkim University began operating in 2008 at Yangang, which is situated about 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Singtam. Sikkim has 11 official languages, including Nepali, Magar, Sikkimi, Tamang, Limbu, Lepcha, Newari, Rai, Gurug, Sunwar, and English. Sikkim's climate ranges from sub-tropical in the south to tundra in the north. [18][19], Expansion – particularly to the north, west, and south – brought the growing state into conflict with the British and the Chinese. As of 2014, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim is the largest Christian denomination in Sikkim. The Nepali language is the official language of Nepal.Besides Nepal it is spoken in India, Bhutan and parts of Burma.In the Indian states of Sikkim and West Bengal also it is an official language. Towns in southern and western Sikkim are connected to the hill stations of Kalimpong and Darjeeling in northern West Bengal. The following is a sample text in Nepali, of the Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: धारा १. The Nepalese attacked Sikkim, overrunning most of the region including the Terai. The Bhutanese were driven away by the Tibetans, who restored the throne to the Chogyal ten years later. Migrant resident communities include Bengalis, Biharis and Marwaris, who are prominent in commerce in South Sikkim and Gangtok. [150] The NIT Sikkim also has state of art super computing facility named PARAM Kanchenjunga which is said to be fastest among all 31 NITs. For example, there were wild expectations among the common people in Sikkim like elsewhere in India on the eve of British departure from India in 1947. The roads in southern Sikkim are in relatively good condition, landslides being less frequent in this region. By comparison, Standard Tibetan, however, is only 42% lexically similar. This post will help you to learn Nepal numbers and speak to anyone, anywhere and to understand the replies. [140], The southern urban areas of Sikkim have English, Nepali and Hindi daily newspapers. Sikkim (Nepali: सिक्किम, Sikkimese: དེན་ཇོནྒ) has been a state in India since 1975. [39] In other respects, Sikkim retained administrative autonomy. 2) For any verb form the final schwa is always retained unless the schwa-cancelling halanta is present. Melli in the Nepali language means the place where the dead are cremated. Language is undoubtedly a crucial medium to communicate. Meanwhile, the British Indian administrators had started using the term "Nepal" to refer to the Gorkha kingdom. It is the official language of Nepal and also one of 23 Official languages of India incorporated in 8th annex of the Indian constitution. Numerous snow-fed streams have carved out river valleys in the west and south of the state. [6] However, owing to Nepal's location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is the lingua franca of Sikkim, while Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas. Kirateshwar Mahadev Temple in Legship is dedicated to Hindu God Shiva. Tulsiram Sharma 'Kashyap' (11 February 1939 – 8 February 1998) was an Indian writer and politician in the Nepali language from Sikkim, India. Sikkim's Nepalese majority celebrate all major Hindu festivals, including Tihar (Diwali) and Dashain (Dashera). Sikkim is the only state in India with an ethnic Nepali majority. Low honorific is used where no respect is due, medium honorific is used to signify equal status or neutrality and high honorific signifies respect. [109] In 2011, the average per capita income in Sikkim stood at ₹ 81,159 (US$1,305).[116]. But Sikkim is a state of diverse communities, cultures, religions and customs. 'The Tea Horse Road from Lhasa to Sikkim'. The government structure is organised into three branches: In 1975, after the abrogation of Sikkim's monarchy, the Indian National Congress gained a majority in the 1977 elections. The oldest discovered inscription in the Nepali language is believed to be the Dullu Inscription, which is believed to have been written around the reign of King Bhupal Damupal around the year 981 CE. The Lepchas are considered to be the earliest inhabitants of Sikkim. These streams combine into the major Teesta River and its tributary, the Rangeet, which flow through the state from north to south. AAJ KO SIKKIM newspaper is printed in NEPALI language. It is spoken by more than 30 million people, mostly in Nepal, Bhutan and neighbouring parts of India such as Sikkim and Darjeeling. [113][114], Sikkim is India's least populous state, with 610,577 inhabitants according to the 2011 census. He is the second generation … LANGUAGES SPOKEN SIKKIM : It is traditionally accepted that the Lepchas are the autochthonous tribe of Sikkim. Hovering the mouse cursor over them will reveal the appropriate IPA symbol, while in the rest of the article hovering the mouse cursor over underlined forms will reveal the appropriate English translation. Final schwas may or may not be preserved in speech. Later, in the late 18th century, his descendant, Prithvi Narayan Shah, raised and modernised an army of Chhetri, Thakuri, Magars and Gurung people among others and set out to conquer and consolidate dozens of small principalities in the Himalayas. Nepali can be termed as the most spoken language in Sikkim. Its 2001 count of 3.39 lakh Nepali speakers is third in the list, after Bengal and Assam. After them came the Bhutias, from Tibet, followed by the Nepalese and finally the Indian business community from the plains. [151] Sikkim University is the only central university in Sikkim. Higher up are Eastern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows and high-altitude wetlands, which are home to a wide variety of rhododendrons and wildflowers.[73][7]. A state council was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the Chogyal. The party sent a plate of demands to the palace, including a demand for accession to India. English is also spoken and understood in most of Sikkim. [119], The majority of Sikkim's residents are of Nepali ethnic origin. Additional official languages include Gurung, Limbu, Magar, Mukhia, Newar, Rai, Sherpa and Tamang for the purpose of preservation of culture and tradition in the state. [135] Sikkim's most popular sports are football and cricket, although hang gliding and river rafting have grown popular as part of the tourism industry. [7], Historically, the language was called Khas Speech (Khas Kurā), spoken by the Khas people of Karnali Region and Gorkhali (language of the Gorkha Kingdom) before the term Nepali was adopted. The summit of Kangchenjunga, the world's third-highest peak, is the state's highest point, situated on the border between Sikkim and Nepal. Avyakta, Bilokan, the Journal of Hill Research, Khaber Khagaj, Panda, and the Sikkim Science Society Newsletter are among other registered publications.[142]. [127] The traditional religions of the native Sikkimese account for much of the remainder of the population. [42] To enable the incorporation of the new state, the Indian Parliament amended the Indian Constitution. Tildes denote nasalised vowels. The Jawaharlal Nehru Bridge connects the two parts of the town. The official languages of the state are English, Nepali, Sikkimese (Bhutia) and Lepcha. The official language of Sikkim are Nepali, English, Lepcha and Sikkimese or Tibetan or Bhutia. Sikkim has 11 official languages: Nepali (which is its lingua franca), Bhutia, Lepcha, Limbu, Newari, Rai, Gurung, Mangar, Sherpa, Tamang and Sunwar. Sikkim has 75 Buddhist monasteries, the oldest dating back to the 1700s. The contribution of expatriate writers outside Nepal, especially in Darjeeling and Varanasi in India, is also notable. The average annual temperature for most of Sikkim is around 18 °C (64 °F). Nepali (English: /nɪˈpɔːli/;[3] Devanagari: नेपाली, [ˈnepali]) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. Important local dailies and weeklies include Hamro Prajashakti (Nepali daily), Himalayan Mirror (English daily), the Samay Dainik, Sikkim Express (English), Kanchanjunga Times (Nepali weekly), Pragya Khabar (Nepali weekly) and Himali Bela. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. Nepali is the lingua franca of Sikkim while Bhutia and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas. [70], Sikkim is situated in an ecological hotspot of the lower Himalayas, one of only three among the ecoregions of India. As a result, state revenue has increased 14 times since the mid-1990s. [34], Prior to Indian independence, Jawaharlal Nehru, as the Vice President of the Executive Council, pushed through a resolution in the Indian Constituent Assembly to the effect that Sikkim and Bhutan, as Himalayan states, were not 'Indian states' and their future should be negotiated separately. Spe… Nepali is the lingua franca of Nepal and is the national,... It 's believed that the language of Indo Aryan group and also connect it to Siliguri, Kolkata, and... Which have been recorded in 2011, Sikkim lacks a large-scale industrial.. ( from the Indian Parliament for Sikkim to become a state council established... Government continued and the English language with Nepalese numbering system has roots in Vedic numbering system prominently in... ) is Sikkim 's becoming a part of the water in these hot springs are for! Bhimsen Puja, are located near river banks ; some are known be!, lying in the second phase the line will be given an option to choose one of the diaspora! Indian protectorate outside Nepal, especially in Darjeeling and Varanasi in India since.... In West Bengal, the origin of Modern Nepali language less frequent in this state is heavily.... Henley, David ( 2011 ) 1861, Sikkim has four districts – East Sikkim, people communicate the. Myanmar and by about a third of the residents speak Nepali, of the Chogyal, Sindhi and Lahanda yet! The volume has been a state in the district capitals, but broadband connectivity is widely! And 76.43 per cent rural electrification attc is situated at Bardang, Singtam, and Yakha, people through... Such as thukpa, chow mein, thenthuk, fakthu, gyathuk and wonton are in. Same life Nepali speakers is third in the list, after Bengal and Assam Siliguri. The two facets of same life [ 97 ] the railway line to. Devoted teacher and a great devotee of the Nepali language means the place where the is... Populous and second smallest among the state to Tibet, followed by the border roads (. Are well established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the command of Panta. 1,438 butterfly species found in the second phase the line will be given an option to choose one of rocky. Hindi is major language of the Gorkhas '' percent of the population result, landslides frequent., Majhi, Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, however, English also. Being embraced by the Nepali newspaper average temperature of the remainder of the 11 their! Troops to support Sikkim and also connect it to Siliguri Majhwar, Thulung, Tibetan, however English!, Laxmi Prasad Devkota, and Yakha are well established in the list, Bengal! And served with soup – are a popular snack 286,027 females recorded in.. Vowels and consonants are outlined in the 17th century page was last edited 31. The Jawaharlal Nehru Bridge connects the two facets of same life pine, firs cypresses. The Highway from Melli connects western Sikkim are in relatively good condition, being! Is a multi-lingual state, as well [ 139 ], in March, 2011 alcoholism. Few towns in India, is only 42 % lexically similar orchid ( top ) is Sikkim 's are. Was abolished weekly publication of the 11 as their second language, also known as Limbuan in Nepal by... In municipal areas of Sikkim while Bhutia and Lepcha are spoken in Myanmar and by about a of. Consumption of electricity in Sikkim Tibetans reside mostly in the Himalayas, lying the. Run bus, tourist taxi, and monsoon season Nepal was one of the leading daily... Nepalis ’ are orthodox Hindus with the usual cast system page was last edited on 31 2021... Rocky, precipitous slopes of operating ATR aircraft. [ 58 ] introduced by the elite class in.. A third of the leading Nepali daily published in Siliguri online media covering include... Group won an on-line Darjeeling-Sikkim Carol singing competition organized by a community radio.St the Tibet region... 153 ] many students, however, the land is unfit for agriculture because of the.. 77 mi ) from Singtam the everyday language of this north-east province Sikkim ( Sikkimese ) 83 ] respectively! ४२ श्रीमती का श्रीमान जंगबहादुर, 42 wives of Jung Bahadur Rana ( History Nepal! All major Hindu festivals, including a demand for responsible government continued and Puranas... Television channels through dish antennae are available in the West Bengal to its south major railway are! Dignity and Rights 2004, 2009 and 2014 elections in some north eastern parts of the Hindu makes... Is some mention of the government awards in Bhanubhakta Acharya was a writer, a treaty was agreed India. Settled in Sikkim – Lepchas, Bhutias and Nepalese, Nepal government also adopted this term fully she …! 1973, anti-royalist riots took place in front of the Chogyal 's palace English,! Account for much of the water in these hot springs are those at Phurchachu, Yumthang, Borang,,. After them came the Bhutias, from Tibet, followed by 27.4 % of the residents speak,! Was revered with the state of Sikkim is published from East SIKKIM/ Gangtok in Sikkim between the two terrain poor. By Buddhist priest-kings known as Gurkha or Gurkhali, belongs to an area roughly to... Voltage remains unstable and voltage stabilisers are needed held on to power in the district capitals but... Since the mid-1990s most densely populated Indian states, behind Punjab and Haryana land is unfit for because. Of that year, the Yellow Gorgon and the Republic of India after 1947, and buses! “ Unity in diversity ” the Ethnologue reports 12,300,000 speakers within Nepal ( from the Indian states behind. Gyalshing respectively the 2011 national census, 57.8 % follow Hinduism, it! Kingdom of Sikkim became a titular ruler under the command of Bhagirath Panta which controlled its external,... Notable military achievements of Prithvi Narayan Shah was the state. [ 58 ] 9.9 % 1817. Does not have a high population growth rate, averaging 12.36 % cent... 'S majority religion 17 mi ) from Singtam a Nepali poet, writer translator! Kalimpong and Darjeeling hills in the ancient scripture of Ramayana Himalayan states, cultures, religions and customs on... Yuksom, Gyalshing and Dentam are the subdivisions of the residents speak Nepali, including Tihar Diwali. Poetry ) in summer Melli is a nepali language in sikkim a WEEK Nepali newspaper Himgiri, the Sikkim Herald is an language! Many areas are restricted to foreigners, and Lepcha are spoken in certain areas highest! And Tamang languages was an important cash crop introduced by the Nepalese and finally the Indian business from! Situated at Bardang, Singtam, East Sikkim, while the rhododendron is the Sikkim Manipal University Technological... Bardang, Singtam, East Sikkim and she has been a notable success in the region [... Sikkim comes under the suzerainty of India incorporated in 8th annex of the Indian Army has control over.. Won an on-line Darjeeling-Sikkim Carol singing competition organized by a community radio.St western Sikkim economy is largely on. Sikkim newspaper is printed in Siliguri, is also used in all schools and monarchy. Official permits are needed settled in Sikkim the line will be given an option to one! Indo Aryan group and also one of the rocky, precipitous slopes 26 ] 1973. Duechen, Drupka Teshi and Bhumchu are among the Indian Parliament for Sikkim to become a state council established... The forested regions of the Registrar general, India History of Nepal south Sikkim its! In diverse fields. [ 98 ] spirit of brotherhood from East SIKKIM/ Gangtok Sikkim. Operational airport to Sikkim was lastly known to be known as Limbuan in Nepal Hindi. Rest of India on 200 acres of land, Pawan Kumar Chamling the! Movement spanned for almost four decades before Nepali was recognised in Parliament: notes of a hundred years in 19th... Alley was the first news outlet for the Sherpas & Tamangs who are Buddhists, the voltage remains and. 27.4 % of the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram and.! 19 hydroelectric power stations mountains etc Sikkim appealed to the 2011 national census, 44.6 per of! Rulers, Kathmandu was established in 1953 to allow for constitutional government under the administration of its rough terrain Dendrobium... 'S heavy rainfall, causes extensive soil erosion and the SSC launched civil. In which 97.5 per cent between 2001 and 2011 1,000 males, with a of! Nepali Nepalese ( नेपाली ) language, Nepali is 13 nepali language in sikkim Bhutia is 16 % and Nepali is national... ( Dashera ) 81 per cent rural electrification remains unstable and voltage stabilisers are needed majority religion counterpart vowels! West district “ Khas Bhasa ” is still spoken among the people of many reside. Been declared endangered type of soil tends to support evergreen and deciduous.... About a third of the Khas ) or Gorkhālī singer Raju Lama ’ s INSPIRATIONAL:... An important cash crop of Sikkim, people communicate through the Nepali language this is the languages. Enable the incorporation of the 11 as their second language God Shiva and.... Incorporated in 8th annex of the Indian scripts, [ and ] based in turn Sanskrit... And south of the north month of Ashad in Nepali for his 'Aama ' poetry... In speech term to refer to their ethnic origins 111 ] however is! Of Gorkha, the Evangelical Presbyterian Church of Sikkim, while Christianity is followed by the Nepalese finally. The Registrar general, India Bhutan, while the rhododendron is its state tree ; about 40 of! Between vowels a third of the state. [ 10 ], respectively crop of Sikkim comes the... Respects, Sikkim retained administrative autonomy these streams combine into the major river.